Geographically marked rug of Mediterranean; Döşemealtı!

Geographically marked rug of Mediterranean; Döşemealtı!

How about browsing the historical carpets of Döşemealtı, famous for its carpet fields?

The guests in this edition of our series of articles “Map of Turkey’s carpet”, are Antalya, one of the tourism paradises of our country, and the handicraft Döşemealtı carpets of Antalya. Famous for its carpet fields, Döşemealtı has taken its place in history with its unique carpet. The carpets woven in looms called Istar in Döşemealtı, a district of Antalya today, are known as Döşemealtı carpets. These carpets, which have old samples in Antalya museum, are made of sheep wool. As in other regions of Turkey, Döşemealtı rugs are colored with natural coloring in production methods and continuing, even a little.

Its history

New Ottomans who settled in seven villages on Döşemealtı Plain lived in nomadic form until 1945. After 1945, with their orientation towards agriculture, their way of living has turned into semi-nomadic form. After the entry of the irrigated farming and cotton agriculture of the Döşeme Plain after the 1955s, the New Ottoman nomads, fed sheep, predominantly horses, goats, cattle and camels, gave up stockbreeding in a few years and became “land people” in their own words. In accordance with the historical information and the statements of the elderly who stated that they were the Döşemealtı Nomad, it is understood that they came to Antalya lands via Konya at the end of the XVII. century. According to the story they told among themselves, “Seven groups of tents were set up in a crowded group to Döşemealtı. The former Yörük tribes, who saw this, said, “Who are these people?” They ask and express themselves as “New Ottoman” among themselves. Thus, it was stated that while the newcomers in the region they live in were given this name, all of them were named “New Ottoman Yörüks” in the following years.

Traditional Döşemealtı Carpets

Traditional Döşemealtı carpets, the carpets identified as a result of the research carried out in the villages of Kovanlık, Aşağıoba, Killik, Ilıca and Camili located in Döşemealtı region, Döşemealtı carpets registered in Antalya Museum inventory and Döşemealtı carpets in the catalog “Turkish Hand-woven Carpets” of TR Ministry of Culture and Tourism were examined in terms of color, motif and pattern features.Weft, warp and loop of Döşemealtı carpets are wool. The weft thread is usually red. These carpets woven with a Turkish knot are usually square-like carpets in the size of a prayer rug. Contrast colors are used together in Döşemealtı carpets. Red and green, red and dark blue, orange and blue are usually side by side. Black color is used as a contour color, regardless of the color of the motif. The colors that are traditionally used in these carpets are; navy blue, burgundy, red, dark green, pistachio green, buff, light and dark blue, orange, orange, rose dry, white and black. The most commonly used colors in floor color are red, navy, burgundy and green.

Borders of traditional Döşemealtı carpets are named according to the patterns and motifs used in the middle floor. It is called “water” in the Bordure region.

Halelli Carpets

Halelli carpets are accepted as the oldest floor pattern in Döşemealtı carpets. They are vivid in color and rich in motif. Generally, the ground color is green and the motifs on it are red. Rectangular composited woven carpets are sometimes used in the Mihrab.

Dallı Carpets

They are usually woven in small sizes. As the name of the main motif is understood in Dallı carpets, it is a branch. This motif is also called as “flower with nails” in the region. Branch motifs are lined on both sides of the line that runs inside the Mihrab. There is a scorpion or cocklebur motif in the middle of this line. The Mihrab belt is surrounded by fold motifs. The motif of myrtle leaf or saddle water is used on the outer part of the Mihrab.

Kocasulu Carpets

The Kocasu pattern was made with the horns of the four ram horns motif outwards. In the middle part of the main motif, entangled ball motif is used. Cleat motif is a motif frequently used in Anatolian carpets and rugs as a symbol of power strength and protection power of men. These types of carpets are mostly woven with Mihrab. However, there are examples of rectangular weaving from time to time.

Carpets with Stars

It is a very rare weaving carpet type today. Star motifs are located in equilateral octagons. This motif is used with eight corners in Döşemealtı carpets. The eight-pointed star motif represents the lifeline from birth to death. This motif, which is common in Anatolian carpets and plain weavings, is used by weavers to express happiness and eternity. In star patterned carpets, the floor is generally rectangular. However, there are also examples showing the double mihrab.

Carpets with mosque

The motifs used in the mosque patterned carpets are mosque, warehouse water and myrtle leaf ball and ewer motifs. The motif of the mosque represents the sacred place. The ewer motif is the stylized version of the ablution ewer. The ewer, which is often used for preparation for worship in daily life, takes place in the weavings as a symbol of cleanliness and purification and expresses the holy water that separates people from their sins. The mosque carpets are woven both rectangular and mihrab.

Carpets with ball

Carpets with ball are included in the mihrab carpet group. The motifs ordered as plus on the middle ground are called balls. Usually, three ball motifs are listed on the floor. On the lower and upper ends of these motifs, there is a cocklebur, Mehmetçik flower “inclined ladder” and a folium myrti ball. Pillow Ball Carpets are also included in the group of mihrab carpets.

Carpets with scorpion

It is included in the group of mihrab carpets. Scorpion rugs are named after the scorpion motifs on the ground and woven into a rhombus placed vertically. The Scorpion motif is one of the motifs for protection and symbolically represents the spirit of Satan. Just as an eye-shaped amulet is worn to protect it from the evil eye, weavers use the scorpion motif in their carpets and rugs to protect it from scorpion.

Kocasu, Tutlamaç ball, Göde İbrahim water, Camel water, Motor trail water, Bulanik, Çingilli aksu, Small colonel water and Big colonel water, Nacaklı water, Tulip water, Folium Myrti water, Water with Red ball and Small holddown water are used in traditional Döşemealtı carpets are the main pattern and motif names.



Color, Motif and Pattern Properties of Contemporary Döşemealtı Carpets / Sema MAZIBAŞ

Antalya from past to present/ Antalya Governorship Provincial Culture and Tourism Directorate Antalya / Prof. Dr. Bekir DENİZ, Lecturer Öznur AYDIN


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